Physiognomic heads


  1. Louis XIV, in full military regalia, holds in his right hand a commander's staff that he plants in the vanquished Doubs.
  2. He looks at a soldier symbolizing Terror, who wears a helmet in the form of a lion's muzzle, and holds a dagger.
  3. The weeping women grovelling at his feet symbolize the Towns,
  4. whose Number and Identity are repre­sented by escutcheons linked by a chain.
  5. Each town surrenders its Crown (Throne)
  6. and its Keys to the King.
  7. To the left, Mars, carrying a shield with the Fleur de Lys (the French army), tramples on
  8. an Urn representing the River on whose banks the enemy was conquered.
  9. In the middle distance Hercules, symbol of Heroic Valour, assisted by Minerva, symbol of Protection, attacks
  10. a rock, to which clings the Spanish lion, representing the Fortress of Besançon.
  11. This fortress is defended not only by a Soldier (Military Valour)
  12. but by the Harshness of the Season, symbolized by a Grizzled Old Man (Winter)
  13. accompanied by the winds
  14. and the signs of Pisce,
  15. Aries,
  16. and Taurus, representing the Time that the conquest took place.
  17. Above the King is Victory, symbolized by the Laurel Wreath,
  18. Glory, represented by the Obelisk and the Golden Diadem,
  19. Renown, represented by her Trumpets,
  20. and Peace, holding olive branches and the horn of plenty.
  21. To the right is the Imperial Eagle, troubled and menacing, but not intervening.